Shallalah Saghirah ('Little Waterfall') is a small village of about 20 households located in the Khanasser valley, in north Syria. The village has no electricity and still uses an ancient ganat system, using a 1,500-year old Byzantine 520 meter water tunnel, as its main source of water. However decades of migration and family conflicts have caused the tunnel's maintenance to be ignored. Muhammad Musa cleans the tunnel to safeguard the water supply. This renovation is part of an applied anthropological action research being implemented by ICARDA.